Roman system of government

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Use the menus at the bottom of the page for more specific searches about Roman life. They dealt with minor public business and elected quaestors, aediles, and military tribunes. Roman Government in the Republic Period People were divided into different classes.

Roman republic timeline

The censor also approved all public works contracts. Senators were retired magistrates and knew a lot about the government of Rome. With respect to the law and citizenship, the Romans took a unique approach to the lands that they conquered. During the empire, the duty of the government was simple - to maintain peace and order, the Pax Romana or Roman Peace. They collected both taxes and tributes. Under the emperor, the government changed and the emperor became the ultimate decision maker, he had the last word. Senatorial control was eventually challenged by Dictator Sulla around 82 B. When magistrates retired they became senators and attended the Senate. They usually lived in grand houses and had slaves to do their work for them. Despite these changes, though, the patricians were still able to use their wealth to buy control and influence over elected leaders.

The aristocracy wealthy class dominated the early Roman Republic. Although in theory the people were sovereign and the Senate only offered advice, in actual practice the Senate wielded enormous power because of the collective prestige of its members. Click on the buttons on the main page for general topics, such as religion and society.

ancient rome

The Punic Wars The early Roman Republic often found itself in a state of constant warfare with its surrounding neighbors.

Laws from the Twelve Tables Females shall remain in guardianship even when they have attained their majority except Vestal Virgins.

roman senate

Gill is a freelance classics and ancient history writer. Because they were citizens of Rome they were allowed to go to the Assembly to vote.

Roman government branches

Roman Government: Consuls The citizens of Rome voted for two consuls. See Article History Roman Republic, —27 bce , the ancient state centred on the city of Rome that began in bce, when the Romans replaced their monarchy with elected magistrates, and lasted until 27 bce, when the Roman Empire was established. After a term as consul, a Roman man joined the Senate for life. Some citizens were not allowed to vote or hold public office, but maintained the other rights. Before Roman strength increased further, a marauding Gallic tribe swept down the Po River valley and sacked Rome in bce; the invaders departed, however, after they received a ransom in gold. The details are not known precisely as Livy's books on the period are lost. The Assembly of Centuries comitia centuriata , was composed of all members of the army, and it elected consuls annually. Finally, the resolution of the crisis came from the dictator Camillus , who made a compromise with the tribunes; he agreed to their bills, while they in return consented to the creation of the offices of praetor and curule aediles, both reserved to patricians.

Legend has it that the Romans then poured salt into the soil so that nothing would ever grow there again.

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The Roman Republic and Its Government