Sections of a social science research paper

research paper example

Scientific papers commonly follow the IMRAD model, which stands for introduction, method, results, and discussion. If your project conducts an experiment or an original data analysis, you should include a separate section that reports your results.

It helps to have already settled on a thesis. Instead, write as simply and clearly as possible. Peter Redman. If your interpretation has broader implications, you can either suggest them in the discussion section or introduce them in a separate conclusion.

Social science research examples

The results section should describe your results without discussing their significance, while the discussion section should analyze your results without reporting any new findings. It is also a good place to make bold speculations about the implications of your project. If you followed the scientific method, you began your research with a hypothesis. In the social sciences, an introduction should succinctly present these five points: the topic, the question, the importance of the question, your approach to the question, and your answer to the question. Bates College; Introductions. The key is to summarize for the reader what is known about the specific research problem before you did your analysis. Should the general public or your academic discipline be more aware of this issue, and why? A vague, disorganized, or error-filled introduction will create a negative impression, whereas, a concise, engaging, and well-written introduction will lead your readers to think highly of your analytical skills, your writing style, and your research approach. After you provide a rationale for your methodology, explain your process in detail. What precisely are you studying and why is it important? This section should focus on a rational development of the thesis with clear reasoning and solid argumentation at all points.

Literature Review While not always required, the literature review can be an important part of your introduction. Obviously, the first limiting step was the choice of research problem itself. The literature review should only refer to work that affects your particular question.

Sections of a social science research paper

This will help focus the introduction on the topic at the appropriate level and ensures that you get to the subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general.

Hence abstracts should be written with a non-specialized audience or a very busy specialized audience in mind. These should be noted in the conclusion of your introduction.

Social science research paper sample

Also included are recommendations concerning how to successfully manage and complete specific course assignments. Bibliography Definition The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry. This is the equivalent of the principle in the humanities that a claim is only valid if someone could also reasonably argue against it. Be detailed; remain focused on your topic; be precise; and use jargon only when writing for a specialist audience. Scientific research papers report new discoveries, applying evidence to answer questions and identify patterns. The Importance of the Abstract The abstract of a scientific paper is often the only part that the reader sees. Combining objectivity and argumentative writing can be challenging. In reality, the academy values precise words and detailed descriptions that are still understandable to a lay audience. See the drop-down menu under this tab for " Background Information " regarding types of contexts. Department of Biology. Bibliography Purpose of Guide This guide is intended to help students organize and write a quality research paper for classes taught in the social and behavioral sciences.

Writing Tip Avoid the "Dictionary" Introduction Giving the dictionary definition of words related to the research problem may appear appropriate because it is important to define specific terminology that readers may be unfamiliar with.

The opening paragraphs of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions about the logic of your argument, your writing style, the overall quality of your research, and, ultimately, the validity of your findings and conclusions.

writing the empirical social science research paper

Strive to use simple words and sentences.

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Parts of a Research Paper