Tangible user interface

They target toward the independence of application domains as well as flexibility in terms of the deployed sensor technology. Examples[ edit ] A simple example of tangible UI is the computer mouse: Dragging the mouse over a flat surface moves a pointer on the screen accordingly.

In the last few years, many amateur and semi-professional projects outside of academia and commerce have been started.

Deformable user interfaces

Examples[ edit ] A simple example of tangible UI is the computer mouse: Dragging the mouse over a flat surface moves a pointer on the screen accordingly. The 'friend' passes can also be used to activate different interactions with the product. The repeatedly awarded Reactable, [26] an interactive tangible tabletop instrument, is now distributed commercially by Reactable Systems, a spinoff company of the Pompeu Fabra University, where it was developed. Due to open source tracking technologies reacTIVision [29] and the ever-increasing computational power available to end-consumers, the required infrastructure is now accessible to almost everyone. So, what is a tangible user interface and how do they work? There is a very clear relationship about the behaviors shown by a system with the movements of a mouse. Physical objects allow positioning disasters by placing them on the interactive map and additionally tuning parameters i. The blocks in Topobo are like LEGO blocks which can be snapped together, but can also move by themselves using motorized components. With that said, tangible user interfaces have been shown to improve learning performance through multimodal feedback. Dropping a marble into a dish plays back the associated message or calls back the caller. Visitors could browse and explore the biographies, complex relations and social networks between members of the movement. With the Reactable users can set up their own instrument interactively, by physically placing different objects representing oscillators, filters, modulators

The implementation of a TUI helped make this product more accessible to elderly users of the product. There is a very clear relationship about the behaviors shown by a system with the movements of a mouse.

tangible user interface pdf

In order for a user interface to be classified as a tangible, it must possesses the following characteristics: Space-multiplex for input and output Concurrent access and manipulation of interface components Strong specific devices Spatially aware computational devices Spatial re-configurability of devices You might be wondering what, if any, benefits there are to using a tangible user interface.

Using hand gestures, the user can clone the image and stretch it in the X and Y axes just as one would in a paint program.

Tangible user interface

For collaboration support, TUIs have to allow the spatial distribution, asynchronous activities, and the dynamic modification of the TUI infrastructure, to name the most prominent ones. A white paper outlines the evolution of TUIs for touch table experiences and raises new possibilities for experimentation and development. The Topobo system. What is a Tangible User Interface? In order for a user interface to be classified as a tangible, it must possesses the following characteristics: Space-multiplex for input and output Concurrent access and manipulation of interface components Strong specific devices Spatially aware computational devices Spatial re-configurability of devices You might be wondering what, if any, benefits there are to using a tangible user interface. The general idea is that by integrating physical elements into a user interface, it promotes greater satisfaction and ease of use. A person can push, pull, and twist these blocks, and the blocks can memorize these movements and replay them. With that said, tangible user interfaces have been shown to improve learning performance through multimodal feedback. Using principles derived from embodied cognition , cognitive load theory , and embodied design TUIs have been shown to increase learning performance by offering multimodal feedback. Again different simulations allow the analysis of shadows, height maps, slopes and other characteristics of the interactively formable landmasses. Interactions such as the collaborative browsing of photographs from a handycam or cell phone that connects seamlessly once placed on the table are also supported. Newer developments go even one step further and incorporate the third dimension by allowing a user to form landscapes with clay Illuminating Clay [22] or sand Sand Scape [23]. The 'friend' passes can also be used to activate different interactions with the product. The repeatedly awarded Reactable, [26] an interactive tangible tabletop instrument, is now distributed commercially by Reactable Systems, a spinoff company of the Pompeu Fabra University, where it was developed.

This interface lets the user form a landscape out of sand on a table. Perhaps this is because users can feel the interface, which improves engagement and satisfaction.

Tangible user interfaces: past, present, and future directions

Beside multi-touch tracking of fingers, the platform supports the recognition of physical objects by their footprints. The sand model represents the terrain, which is projected on the surface. What is a Tangible User Interface? The implemented TUIpist framework deploys arbitrary sensor technology for any type of application and actuators in distributed environments. In real-time the model projects the deformations of the sand. Examples[ edit ] A simple example of tangible UI is the computer mouse: Dragging the mouse over a flat surface moves a pointer on the screen accordingly. So, what is a tangible user interface and how do they work?

Several applications, mainly for the use in commercial space, have been presented. For collaboration support, TUIs have to allow the spatial distribution, asynchronous activities, and the dynamic modification of the TUI infrastructure, to name the most prominent ones.

A white paper outlines the evolution of TUIs for touch table experiences and raises new possibilities for experimentation and development.

organic user interface

Another notable interactive installation is instant city [28] that combines gaming, music, architecture and collaborative aspects.

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