The indian rebellion of 1857 history essay

Anderson, Clare.

Essay on causes of revolt of 1857

The Company had developed a military organisation where, in theory, fealty of the sepoys to the Company was considered the height of "izzat" or honour, where the European officer replaced the village headman with benevolent figures of authority, and where regiments were mostly recruited from sepoys belonging to the same caste, and community. Delhi was the seat of the Mughals, the last rulers of a broad swath of northern India. The Christian missionaries arranged special Bible classes in schools which looked like a real attack on their own religion. David, Saul. Oxford: Oxford UP, Who led whom? Rebel leaders such as Nana Sahib and the Rani of Jhansi belonged to this group; the latter, for example, was prepared to accept East India Company supremacy if her adopted son was recognised as her late husband's heir. Although there was no open revolt at Ambala, there was widespread arson during late April. It was rather difficult to make profits, because the taxation rates were very high. The officers in the Indian army were exclusively the British, who kept under control every Indian soldier. Their Colonel confronted them supported by artillery and cavalry on the parade ground, but after some negotiation withdrew the artillery, and cancelled the next morning's parade.

The British could enforce the Indian army, educate people, make reforms, but they hardly could change beliefs and cultural traditions, which still exist in the modern Indian life.

India had received rapid communication with Europe and got rid of its political and economical isolation, what was the main cause of its stagnation Washbrook Learning of the fall of Delhi by telegraph, many Company administrators hastened to remove themselves, their families and servants to places of safety.

Gwalior was recaptured by the British.

What caused the sepoy mutiny

Books and articles about the bloody fighting and heroic deeds by British officers and men were published for decades in London. The humanitarian movement led to reforms that went deeper than the political superstructure. I trace here key points of inquiry and debate, highlighting issues at stake in unpacking the meanings of Each of the three "Presidencies" into which the East India Company divided India for administrative purposes maintained their own armies. On May 10, they marched to Delhi. The scholars characterized a new royal government as conservative, what was actually the reflection of the British government system. The mutiny had spread throughout the Northern part of India. The main target of the new religious propaganda was low caste Hindus, because they were prone to become Christians as their position was extremely oppressed and degraded in the society. Related essays.

Continue Reading. However, serving high-caste sepoys were fearful that it would be eventually extended to them, as well as preventing sons following fathers into an army with a strong tradition of family service.

The British men were killed, and about British women and children were taken prisoner. As the extent of the East India Company's jurisdiction expanded with victories in wars or annexation, the soldiers were now expected not only to serve in less familiar regions, such as in Burmabut also to make do without the "foreign service" remuneration that had previously been their due.

sepoy mutiny summary

It involved the British prohibiting a Hindu ruler without a natural heir from adopting a successor and, after the ruler died or abdicatedannexing his land. Prior to the period of British rule, any refusal to proceed on service until pay issues were resolved was considered a legitimate form of displaying grievance by Indian troops serving under Indian rulers.

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History Essay Sample: Observations of the Indian Rebellion of